Histria Fortress

Diverse general condition. Thankfully the artifacts have been placed in the National History and Archaeology Museum of Constanța and in the Archaeology Museum of Histria, the fortress’ ruins are being protected and, to this moment, excavations are being carried out in the 80 hectares area of the fortress.
  • Historic monument category A, code LMI CT-I-s-A-02681
  • 657 B.C. The date is claimed by Eusebiu from Cezareea.
  • Istria, the shore of Lake Sinoe.

Histria Fortress was founded in 657 B.C. by the traders and navigators of the Greek colony of Milet (Anatolia), same as Tomis Fortress. It operated without interruption for nearly 1 500 years, until the 7th century A.D., remaining a prosperous urban center.

It is the first historically documented city on the territory of Romania and this is where first coins on the actual territory of the country were issued (480-475 B.C.). The fortress also had an active harbor on the Black Sea, in the marine gulf that is today Lake Sinoe.

Histria was discovered in 1868 by the French archaeologist Ernest Desjardins and the first scientific archaeological excavations were carried out in 1914, under the leadership of Vasile Pârvan. The teams of archaeologists discovered, during the hundred years and more of excavations, private residences, temples (the temple of Zeus, temple of Aphrodite), basilicas, gates, infrastructure elements, inscriptions, epigraphs, coins, finery, necropolises.

It is one of the most important historic objectives of Romania.

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