Tomis Fortress

Diverse general condition: a part of is used to it’s value quite well (the artifacts in the National History and Archaeology Museum of Constanța and the Roman Edifice with Mosaic), others are open to the public in a restored form (the Archaeological Park) or left unprotected (the green area in front of the Archepiscopal Cathedral, the artifacts on Termele Romane boulevard), most of them are under the buildings of the modern city or have been completely destroyed over time.
  • Historic monument/archaeological site category A: code LMI CT-I-s-A-02553
  • The beginnings of Tomis Fortress date back to the 6th century B.C.
  • The perimeter of the Constanța Peninsula: Ferdinand Boulevard, the Eastern seafront (Modern beach), Casino. Poarta 1, Termele Romane Boulevard, Traian Street.

Tomis Fortress was established in the 6th century B.C. through the colonization of the area by seafaring Greek traders from the Milet colony (Anatolia). The biggest development of the fortress took place in the 1st-2nd centuries A.D. when Tomis became one of the most important administrative, economic and commercial centers on the Black Sea’s shore.

Here is where the Roman poet Publius Ovidius Naso was exiled by the order of Emperor Octavian Augustus and Tomis is also where the poet wrote the first literary works on the territory of current day Romania, Epistolae ex Ponto and Tristia.

The discovered ensemble of Tomis fortress includes today 12 historic monuments: 1) the big basilica, 2) the small basilica, 3) a Christian basilica, 4) a Christian basilica, 5) the Roman edifice with mosaic), 6) an amphitheater, 7) the urban housing of the city, 8) the site wall, 9) housing, 10) aqueducts and galleries, 11) defense tower, 12) the Roman bathhouses. In 601 Tomis fortress was destroyed by the Avars. After this date, Tomis remained under Byzantine administration.

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